What is stereo?

There are now two system of high fidelity, monophonic (monaural) and stereophonic. Monophonic is a system that starts from one microphone and is fed through a single high fidelity set. Stereophonic is a double system. Two separate microphones are placed at different sides of the orchestra and two different systems are used to keep the two signals or channels separated. Two separate speakers are used, placed on different sides of you room. Stereo is much like 3-D photography, two slightly different sound reach your ears giving you a new dimension in sound.

H.H. Scott '59

Luxman 5T10 (1978)

Our original C.L.L. system which has realized quite accurate and stable tuning condition.
We employed our original Closed Loop Locked (C.L.L.) circuit in the 5T10 to realize extremely accurate and stable tuning conditions at all receiving FM frequencies. With the C.L.L. circuitry, total control is effected throughout all the stages, from the front end to the IF and detector circuits in accordance with the crystal controlled transmission frequency of a broadcasting station. Therefore, this may be called the ideal tuning system offering accurate and stable tuning conditions even if ambient conditions such as temperature fluctuate. Generally, in the case of quartz lock and synthesizer systems, only the local ascillator or front end is partially controlled by the P.L.L. circuitry. Therefore it is necessary to design the IF stage and the detector stage with additional stability. In addition, C.L.L. circuitry, like the P.L.L. ciruit, has the capture range near the center frequency of the broadcasting station and the required lock range to achieve a stable receiving condition. Thus, C.L.L. circuitry always provide the perfect receiving condition thanks to powerful feedback once the signal wave of an FM station is within the capture range and firmly locked at the lock range. Even if the receiving frequency drifts, feedback is applied to bring it back to follow the crystal controlled transmission frequency, and stable reception is always obtained.  In addition, the C.L.L. circuitry incorporates a lock-retaining circuit, and no new locking is needed when power is turned off and on once the station has been tuned in.

The "Accutouch" System which makes the most of the C.L.L. Tuning System
The 5T10 employs the "Accutouch" system. This system makes it possible to tune in all the tuning circuits easily to the accurate center frequencies of broadcasting stations. To obtain more precise tuning, an extremely narrow capture range is set  for the C.L.L. circuit of the 5T10. It would be hard for a conventional tuning method to obtain such a precise tuning point, since such tuning method requires observation of a center tuning meter, which is seldom accurate enough.
The "Accutouch" system detects the exact center tuning point utilizing a control voltage at the C.L.L. circuit, which triggers a mechanical lock on the tuning knob. This is a very unique system in mhich the tuning knob is temporarily locked with a positive response at the exzct tune-in point as the knob is gradually turned to locate an FM station. Precise tuning to a station is possible with an incomparable accuracy compared with that of current visual tuning systems.

 IF bandwidth Selector
In the IF stage, a 2-step bandwidth selector is provided to provide both excellent distortion and selectivity. In the "wide"  position, 2 pairs of wide-bandwidth block filters of good group-deley characteristics are employed to realize lower distortion, while in the "narrow" position an additional 2 pairs of narrow-bandwidth ceramic filters are added to offer high selectivity.

DC amp configuration is employed at the Audio Output Stage. The basic design theme is Sonic Excellence.
A 5-gang variable capacitor exclusively designed for FM reception is adopted at the front end to make the most of the excellent characteristics realized after the IF stage.  Also superb interference rejection characteristic is obtained by improving the selectivity at each RF amplifing circuit. The IF stage is so designed as to be inherently low in distortion, but to make it perfect, a quadrature wide-bandwidth detector circuit is combined with it, which not only realizes low distortion but high S/N ratio as well.
Of course, a pilot canceller circuit is provided in the multiplex circuit, but further the phase characteristic of the low-pass filter is improved. A DC amp configuration is employed at the audio output stage. All of these circuit features are specially considered in terms of good sonic quality.

Receiving Frequency:  87,5 MHz - 108 MHz
50 dB Quieting Sensitivity:  16,0 dB (3,3 μV)
IHF Usable Sensitivity:  10,3 dB (1,8 μV)
Signal-to-Noise Ratio:  80 dB
Frequency response:  20 - 17,000 Hz (-0,5 dB, mono and stereo)
Total Harmonic Distortion Mono
0,5% (wide) at 100 Hz - 1 kHz
0,7% (wide) at 6 kHz
0,2% (narrow) at 1 kHz
Total Harmonic Distortion Stereo
0,07% (wide)  at 100 Hz
0,06% (wide)  at 1 kHz
0,1% (wide)  at 6 kHz
0,5% (narrow)  at 1 kHz
Capture Ratio:  ),8 dB (wide); 2 dB (narrow)
Adjacent Channel Selectivity:  12 dB (narrow, ±200 kHz)
Alternate Channel Selectivity:  90 dB (narrow, ±400 kHz); 30 dB (wide, ±400 kHz)
Spurious Response Ratio:  100 dB
IF Response Ratio:  100 dB
Image Response Ratio:  100 dB
AM Suppression Ratio:  62 dB
Stereo Separation: 
45 dB (wide, 100 Hz); 50 dB (wide, 1 kHz)
45 dB (wide, 10 kHz); 30 dB (narrow, 1 kHz)
Muting Threshold:  30 μV - 500 μV (variable)
Output Impedance:  100 Ω (fixed);  100 Ω to 1,25 kΩ (variable)
Output Voltage:  1V (fixed): 0 - 1 V (variable)
Additional Features:
Tuning Lock System, IF Bandwidth Selector, Center Indicator, Signal Strength Indicator, Multipath Check Circuit, recording Test Tone Circuit, FM Muting Circuit, Muting level Adjuster, Time-delay Muting, output level Control, 75-ohm Coaxial Connector
Power Consumption:  20 W
Dimensions (W x H x D):  442 x 101 x 400 mm ( 17-13/22 x 4 x 15-3/4 inch)
Weight Net:  7,0 kg ( 15,4 lb)

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