What is stereo?

There are now two system of high fidelity, monophonic (monaural) and stereophonic. Monophonic is a system that starts from one microphone and is fed through a single high fidelity set. Stereophonic is a double system. Two separate microphones are placed at different sides of the orchestra and two different systems are used to keep the two signals or channels separated. Two separate speakers are used, placed on different sides of you room. Stereo is much like 3-D photography, two slightly different sound reach your ears giving you a new dimension in sound.

H.H. Scott '59

Rotel RA-2040 (1978)


Stereo Class AB Integrated DC Amplifier

Rotel's top integrated amplifier, combining the characteristics of the formidable RB-200 and RC-2000

Less than 0.01% total harmonic distortion at an output of 120 watts per channel ( min.RMS both channels driven into 8 ohms from 20 to 20,000 Hz).

DC amplification

Class AB operations

Pure complimentary amplifier configuration

High overload capacity and precision RIAA equalization - the optimum design in am integrated amplifier


The RA-2040 uses DC amplifiers with excellent response at very low frequencies and makes maximum use of its DC circuitry design. As is becoming standard in precision equipment, Rotel's DC amps have eliminated all capacitors ( which give unwanted time constant) from the signal path and the negative feedback loop, stabilized the DC range and greatly improved transmission characteristics, enabling superior low frequency performance.

On the other hand, negative aspects of DC circuitry such as DC drift due to fluctuations in input and in power supply have been eliminated in the 2000 series by stabilizing the differential's mid-point electric potential, using circuit technology to achieve a DC balance, and securing an adeguate CMRR (Common Mode Rejection Ratio) value. As a result, the audio enthusiast is even free to enjoy the full dynamic range of organ music, with all its low frequency signals.


In general the biggest drawback to Class A amplifiers, which have no switching and crossover distortion is their low efficiency. Rotel, however, employs a new system that maximizes the superior sound quality of Class A amps while at the same time ensuring maximum output. Class A operation which is amazingly distortion free and provides excellent sound quality when listening to regular music, automatically switches over to Class B operation when more power is required by a large signal. By adopting this ideal system, where Class A operation handles average music signals and Class B ensures a broad dynamic range during peak signals, the 2000 series Class AB philosophy proves its true worth distortion is held below 0,01% even during maximum output (Class A operation below 5 watts as previously mentioned are remarkably distortion free).


Smaller and lighter than conventional transformers, toroidal core transformers are remarkably effective for large power output. The RA-2040 use toroidal transformers which give superior regulation and little leakage flux leading to excellent high power output and low hum.


The 2000 series uses 3 sets of protection circuitry to protect both the amp itself and the speakers from possible overload damage. One is electronically controlled ASA (area of Safe Operation) detecting circuitry that employs a relay to protect the output transistors and the speakers in case of accidental overload. The second is a DC feedback power limiting circuitry taht serves to protect the transistors when impedence load falls below 4 ohms. The Overload Indicator light located on the front panel of the amplifiers informs the user when the above circuitry goes into operation. The third is the separate relay which overcomes the problems of loud pop-noise and abnormal in-rush current when turning the power switch on.


The MC head amplifier built into the RA-2040 use DC circuitry without capacitors in the input stage. The entry for signals from the MC (moving coil) cartridge is a FET differential with perfect symmetry to both negative and positive input signals. The output stage uses a pure complimentary push-pull circuit. This results in an input sensitivity/impedance value of 0,1 mV/33 ohms.

WIth a built-in MC head amp it becomes possible to enjoy music without having to use an external headamp or booster transformer even with a high performance MC type cartridge.


Rotel's RC-2000, RA-2040 and RA 2030 use a 2-stage DC connected differential input circuit with low noise FET. With a push-pull output stage, this results in excellent S/N high overload capacity and accurate input impedance.


2 switches are attached tothe above Rotel models which make it possible to create the optimum load conditions for MM (moving magnet) cartridges. These permit choise of three impedance loads (35 kohms, 50 kohms, and 70 kohms) and 3 additional capacitance positions (0, 100, 200 pF) onthe Phono1.


A separate recording selector switch is attached tothe above models which makes it possible to choose the signal desired for recording regardless of the source input one may by listening to. For examplr this makes it possible to record from a record disc while listening to FM.


Since the tape monitor switch and the recording selector function independent of each other, dubbing between 2 tape decks is possible irregardless of what is being played through the amplifier. Simple operation of the switch permits dubbing between 2 tape recorders in either direction.


Use of a DC amp style tone control that eliminates coupling capacitors from the NF loop guarantees accurate reproduction even at low frequencies. Because of this circuitry design placing the Tone Defeat switch "ON" allows operation as a totally flat buffer amp.

Turnover frequencies forboth Bass and Treble are switchable between 2 options, allowing for wide variation in possibilities. Control range is -10 dB +10 dB.The RA-2040 use a calibrated attenuator-type tone control system and RC-2000 uses independent controls for both left and right channels, permitting precise function.


Rotel 2000 series comes equipped with two filters - subsonic and supersonic - that eliminate unwanted components from the very high or very low frequency ranges inaudible to the human ear can have a negative effect on the audible range due to intermodulation and excessive base speaker cone excursions. The Rotel filters eliminate these at 12 dB/oct slope to provide perfect reproduction of the original sound.

Power amplifier part

Output power (both channel drive):

140 W/ch (4 Ω, 1 kHz)

120 W/ch (8 Ω, 20 Hz - 20 kHz)

THD: 0.01% (at the time of an output power 20 Hz - 20 kHz)

Cross modulation distortion: 0.015% (at the time of an output power 8Ω)

Frequency characteristic (1 W/ch; 8 Ω):

DC in : DC -100 kHz +0 -1 dB

AC in: 5 Hz - 100 kHz +0 -1 dB

Input sensitivity/impedance: 1V/50kΩ

Dumping factor: 100 (1 kHz)

S/N ratio (IHF-A network short-circuit): 110 dB

Crosstalk (10 kHz): 65 dB

Equalizer part


Phono MAG : 0.005%

Phono MC : 0.006%

RIAA deflection (20 Hz - 20 kHz): ±0.3 dB

Input sensitivity/impedance:

Phono1 MAG : 2 mV/35, 50, 70 kΩ/0, 100 or 200 pF

Phono2 MAG : 2 mV/50 kΩ

Phono3 MC : 100 mV/33 Ω

Maximum permissible input (1 kHz, THD 0.5%):

Phono MAG : 400 mV

Phono MC : 15 mV

Preamplifier part

THD: 0.008% (at the time of an output power 20 Hz - 20 kHz)

Frequency characteristic: 4 Hz - 160 kHz

S/N ratio (IHF-A network):

Tuner, Aux : 95 dB

Tape monitor : 95 dB

Remains noise (at the time of a volume min): 6 mV; 100 dB

Input sensitivity/impedance:

Tuner, Aux : 150 mV/ 50 kΩ

Tape monitor : 150 mV/50 kΩ

Maximum permissible input (1 kHz, THD 0.5%): 15 V

Slew rate: 40 V/muS

Square wave rise time: 2 microS

Subsonic Filter: 15 Hz, 12dB/oct

Supersonic filter: 24 kHz, 12 dB/oct

Control width:

Bass : ±5 / ±10 dB

Treble : ±5 / ±10 dB

Max. power consumption: 900 W

Dimensions (W x H x D): 482 x 143 x 408 mm

Weight: 22 kg

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